Turboshaft Engine Air Particle Separation

Abstract

Progress in Aerospace Sciences journal cover

A Filippone & N Bojdo
Progress in Aerospace Sciences
Feb 2010

This contribution addresses air particle separation technologies (EAPS) used for helicopter turboshaft engines that operate around unprepared airfields. Three key technologies are discussed. These are: vortex tube separators, inertial particle separators and inlet barrier filters. Some of these technologies are retrofitted or designed around specified airframes; other ones are an integral part of the turboshaft inlet design. For the vortex tubes, a complete review of the current intellectual property is reviewed, and a first-order theoretical model is presented to corroborate the performance of this technology. The inertial particle separators are designed as part of the engine inlets. This technology is more amenable to computational fluid dynamic modelling, coupled with particle dynamics and rebound effects. The inlet barrier filters are part of a large category of filtration systems. A first-order filter theory is derived to predict filter performance as a function of key parameters and useful operation time. The integration of the various EAPS with the helicopter system are discussed.